Network exploration tool and security / port scanner.

NOTE: The preferred way of using nmap should be SYN mode. This is stealth mode, since this mode (TCP) will not complete the three-way handshake, the port scan is not passed to the application layer. (sudo nmap -sS)


git clone https://github.com/nmap/nmap.git
cd nmap
sudo ./configure
sudo make
sudo make install


nmap [Scan Type(s)] [Options] {target specification}


  Can pass hostnames, IP addresses, networks, etc.
  Ex: scanme.nmap.org, microsoft.com/24,; 10.0.0-255.1-254
  -iL <inputfilename>: Input from list of hosts/networks
  -iR <num hosts>: Choose random targets
  --exclude <host1[,host2][,host3],...>: Exclude hosts/networks
  --excludefile <exclude_file>: Exclude list from file
  -sL: List Scan - simply list targets to scan
  -sn: Ping Scan - disable port scan
  -Pn: Treat all hosts as online -- skip host discovery
  -PS/PA/PU/PY[portlist]: TCP SYN/ACK, UDP or SCTP discovery to given ports
  -PE/PP/PM: ICMP echo, timestamp, and netmask request discovery probes
  -PO[protocol list]: IP Protocol Ping
  -n/-R: Never do DNS resolution/Always resolve [default: sometimes]
  --dns-servers <serv1[,serv2],...>: Specify custom DNS servers
  --system-dns: Use OS's DNS resolver
  --traceroute: Trace hop path to each host
  -sS/sT/sA/sW/sM: TCP SYN/Connect()/ACK/Window/Maimon scans
  -sU: UDP Scan
  -sN/sF/sX: TCP Null, FIN, and Xmas scans
  --scanflags <flags>: Customize TCP scan flags
  -sI <zombie host[:probeport]>: Idle scan
  -sO: IP protocol scan
  -b <FTP relay host>: FTP bounce scan
  -p <port ranges>: Only scan specified ports
    Ex: -p22; -p1-65535; -p U:53,111,137,T:21-25,80,139,8080,S:9
  --exclude-ports <port ranges>: Exclude the specified ports from scanning
  -F: Fast mode - Scan fewer ports than the default scan
  -r: Scan ports sequentially - don't randomize
  --top-ports <number>: Scan <number> most common ports
  --port-ratio <ratio>: Scan ports more common than <ratio>
  -sV: Probe open ports to determine service/version info
  --version-intensity <level>: Set from 0 (light) to 9 (try all probes)
  --version-light: Limit to most likely probes (intensity 2)
  --version-all: Try every single probe (intensity 9)
  --version-trace: Show detailed version scan activity (for debugging)
  -sC: equivalent to --script=default
  --script=<Lua scripts>: <Lua scripts> is a comma separated list of
           directories, script-files or script-categories
  --script-args=<n1=v1,[n2=v2,...]>: provide arguments to scripts
  --script-args-file=filename: provide NSE script args in a file
  --script-trace: Show all data sent and received
  --script-updatedb: Update the script database.
  --script-help=<Lua scripts>: Show help about scripts.
           <Lua scripts> is a comma-separated list of script-files or
  -O: Enable OS detection
  --osscan-limit: Limit OS detection to promising targets
  --osscan-guess: Guess OS more aggressively
  Options which take <time> are in seconds, or append 'ms' (milliseconds),
  's' (seconds), 'm' (minutes), or 'h' (hours) to the value (e.g. 30m).
  -T<0-5>: Set timing template (higher is faster)
  --min-hostgroup/max-hostgroup <size>: Parallel host scan group sizes
  --min-parallelism/max-parallelism <numprobes>: Probe parallelization
  --min-rtt-timeout/max-rtt-timeout/initial-rtt-timeout <time>: Specifies
      probe round trip time.
  --max-retries <tries>: Caps number of port scan probe retransmissions.
  --host-timeout <time>: Give up on target after this long
  --scan-delay/--max-scan-delay <time>: Adjust delay between probes
  --min-rate <number>: Send packets no slower than <number> per second
  --max-rate <number>: Send packets no faster than <number> per second
  -f; --mtu <val>: fragment packets (optionally w/given MTU)
  -D <decoy1,decoy2[,ME],...>: Cloak a scan with decoys
  -S <IP_Address>: Spoof source address
  -e <iface>: Use specified interface
  -g/--source-port <portnum>: Use given port number
  --proxies <url1,[url2],...>: Relay connections through HTTP/SOCKS4 proxies
  --data <hex string>: Append a custom payload to sent packets
  --data-string <string>: Append a custom ASCII string to sent packets
  --data-length <num>: Append random data to sent packets
  --ip-options <options>: Send packets with specified ip options
  --ttl <val>: Set IP time-to-live field
  --spoof-mac <mac address/prefix/vendor name>: Spoof your MAC address
  --badsum: Send packets with a bogus TCP/UDP/SCTP checksum
  -oN/-oX/-oS/-oG <file>: Output scan in normal, XML, s|<rIpt kIddi3,
     and Grepable format, respectively, to the given filename.
  -oA <basename>: Output in the three major formats at once
  -v: Increase verbosity level (use -vv or more for greater effect)
  -d: Increase debugging level (use -dd or more for greater effect)
  --reason: Display the reason a port is in a particular state
  --open: Only show open (or possibly open) ports
  --packet-trace: Show all packets sent and received
  --iflist: Print host interfaces and routes (for debugging)
  --append-output: Append to rather than clobber specified output files
  --resume <filename>: Resume an aborted scan
  --noninteractive: Disable runtime interactions via keyboard
  --stylesheet <path/URL>: XSL stylesheet to transform XML output to HTML
  --webxml: Reference stylesheet from Nmap.Org for more portable XML
  --no-stylesheet: Prevent associating of XSL stylesheet w/XML output
  -6: Enable IPv6 scanning
  -A: Enable OS detection, version detection, script scanning, and traceroute
  --datadir <dirname>: Specify custom Nmap data file location
  --send-eth/--send-ip: Send using raw ethernet frames or IP packets
  --privileged: Assume that the user is fully privileged
  --unprivileged: Assume the user lacks raw socket privileges
  -V: Print version number
  -h: Print this help summary page.
  nmap -v -A scanme.nmap.org
  nmap -v -sn
  nmap -v -iR 10000 -Pn -p 80
SEE THE MAN PAGE (https://nmap.org/book/man.html) FOR MORE OPTIONS AND EXAMPLES

Port Status Meaning

Port State Description Implication
Open An application is actively accepting connections or packets A service is running and accessible
Filtered The port might be open or closed, but a firewall/filter is preventing determination of the state The network is protected by some kind of filtering mechanism
Closed No application is listening, but the port is reachable No service is running on this port, but it’s not behind a filter
Open|Filtered nmap cannot determine whether a port is open or filtered. This for example is due to no response to probes or the scan technique used (UDP/SYN/FIN) Further investigation needed, other nmap techniques or tools required. Potential false positive result.


Scan ports on target system

nmap <target>

Scan specific port on target

nmap -p <port> <target>

Scan all ports on target

nmap -p- <target>

Specific scan scripts

Dynamic DNS server record injection

sudo nmap -sU -p 53 --script=dns-update --script-args=dns-update.hostname=<subdomain>.<client-domain>,dns-update.ip= <target>

To manually validate with dig use

Add record
    sudo nmap -sU -p 53 --script=dns-update-add --script-args=dns-update.hostname=<subdomain>.<client-domain>,dns-update.ip= <target>

dig @<target> <subdomain>.<client-domain>

Delete record
    sudo nmap -sU -p 53 --script=dns-update-delete --script-args=dns-update.hostname=<subdomain>.<client-domain>,dns-update.ip= <target>

FTP Anonymous login

nmap -p21 -oA ftp_test --script ftp-anon <target>

MS17-010 Eternalblue

nmap -p445 --script smb-vuln-ms17-010 --open -Pn <target>

RDP Security

nmap -p3389 --script rdp-enum-encryption <target>

rsync list modules

nmap -p873 --script rsync-list-modules <target>

SMB signing

nmap -p445 --script smb-security-mode <target>

SMBv2 signing

nmap -p445 --script smb2-security-mode <target>

SMB security + protocols

nmap -p445 --script smb-security-mode,smb-protocols <target>

SMB OS Discovery

nmap -p445 --script smb-os-discovery <target>

SMB share enumeration

nmap -p445 --script=smb-enum-shares.nse,smb-enum-users.nse <target>

IIS Tilde

nmap -p80,443 --script http-iis-short-name-brute <target>

NTLM challenger

nmap --script http-ntlm-info <target>

SSH hostkey reuse

nmap -p22 --script ssh-hostkey <target>

MS-SQL version

nmap -p1433 --script ms-sql-info,ms-sql-ntlm-info <target>

SSH authentication methods

nmap -p22 --script ssh-auth-methods <target>

TFTP enum

sudo nmap -p69 -sU -Pn --script tftp-enum <target>

VNC authentication

nmap -Pn -p5900 --script vnc-info <target>

Vmware ESXi version

nmap -p443 --script vmware-version <target>

NTP information

nmap -sU -p 123 --script ntp-info <target>


Commands supported.

nmap --script smtp-commands.nse [--script-args smtp-commands.domain=<domain>] -pT:25,465,587 <host>

Open Relay checking.

nmap --script smtp-open-relay.nse [--script-args smtp-open-relay.domain=<domain>,smtp-open-relay.ip=<address>,...] -p 25,465,587 <host>

LDAP anonymous bind

nmap -p 389 --script ldap-search --script-args 'ldap.qfilter=users,ldap.attrib=sAMAccountName' <target>

Modbus protocol

nmap -p502 --script modbus-discover <target>


nmap -p5222 --script xmpp-info <target>


nmap -p5672 --script amqp-info <target>

WinRM detection

Github.com - winRM.nse

nmap -p5985 -Pn -n -sV -v --script=winrm.nse <target>


nmap -Pn --script=msrpc-enum

Elasticsearch NSE

NSE script for enumerating indices, plugins and cluster nodes on an elasticsearch target

Github.com - nmap-elasticsearch.nse

git clone https://github.com/theMiddleBlue/nmap-elasticsearch-nse.git
cp nmap-elasticsearch-nse/elasticsearch.nse /usr/share/nmap/scripts/
nmap --script=elasticsearch <target>

X11 access check

nmap -p6000 --script x11-access <target>

DNS Server Zone Transfer Information Disclosure (AXFR)

nmap -p53 --script dns-zone-transfer <target>

Check for vulnerabilities

nmap --script vuln <target>

Scripts location


URL List